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Centre for Health Economics and Policy Analysis

Working Papers Archive

Featuring the research of faculty, associates, and staff of the Centre, this series provides a means to circulate polished, but not yet published, reports of compiled research. To order a print copy of a CHEPA Working Paper please e-mail chepa@mcmaster.ca or phone (905) 525-9140 ext. 22122.

To view our most recent Working Papers please click here.

06-04: Crossley TF, Hurley J, Jeon S-H. Physician Labour Supply in Canada: a Cohort Analysis. Available as a PDF

06-03: Grignon M. The Role of Education in Health System Performance: A Propos World Health Report 2000. Available as a PDF

06-02: Grignon M, Perronnin M, Lavis J. Does free supplementary health insurance help the poor to access health care. Evidence from France. Available as a PDF

06-01: Goldsmith LJ, Hutchison B, Hurley J. Economic Evaluation Across the Four Faces of Prevention: A Canadian Perspective. Available as a PDF

04-03: Jeon S-H, Hurley J. The Relationship between Physician Labour Supply, Service Volume and Service Intensity. Available as a PDF

04-02: Woodward C. Home Care in Australia: Some Lessons for Canada. Available as a PDF

04-01: Hurley J, Hutchison B, Buckley G, Woodward C. Developing Needs-based Funding Formulae Using Individual-level Linked Survey and Utilization Data: An Application to Home Care Services in Ontario, Canada. Available as a PDF

03-05: Ploeg J, Feightner J, Hutchison B, Patterson C, Siqouin C, Gauld M. Effectiveness of Preventive Primary Care Outreach Interventions with Older Persons: Meta-analysis of Randomized Controlled Trials. will appear as "Effectiveness of Anticipatory Care Interventions with Community Dwelling Elderly: Meta-analysis in Canadian Family Physician, Forthcoming. Available as a PDF

03-04 : Abelson J, Tedford S, Woodward C, O'Connor D, Hutchison B. Managing under managed community care: the experiences of clients, providers and managers in Ontario's competitive home care sector. Health Policy, 2004;68(3):359-372. Available as a PDF

03-03 : Hutchison B, Torrance-Rynard V, Hurley J, Birch S, Eyles JD, Walter SD. Equity in Health Care Funding: Comparison of Expenditures in Ontario to Allocations Based on Population Need. Available as a PDF

03-02 : Altmayer C, Hutchison B, Torrance-Rynard V, Hurley J, Birch S, Eyles JD. Geographic Disparity in Premature Mortality in Ontario, 1992-1996. International Journal of Health Geographics 2003,2:7(25 Sept., 2003). Available as a PDF

03-01 : Hurley J, Hutchison B, Buckley G, Woodward C. Needs-based Funding for Home Care and Community Support Services in Ontario: A New Approach Based on Linked Survey and Administrative Data. Available as a PDF

02-03 : Miller F, Hurley J, Morgan S, Goeree R, Collins P, Blackhouse G, Giacomini M, O'Brien B. Predictive Genetic Tests and Health Care Costs: A Policy Framework and Illustrative Estimates. Available as a PDF

02-02 : Hurley J, Hopkins R, Hutchison B, Torrance-Rynard V. The Relationship Between Health Care Need and Standardized Mortality Ratios in Ontario. Available as a PDF

02-01-Update : Woodward C, Brown J, Abelson J, Hutchison B. Consistency of Home Care Personnel Under Managed Competition: A Case Study from Ontario (Shortened Version Presented at the Knowledge to Wisdom Conference). Available as a PDF

02-01 : Woodward C, Brown J, Abelson J, Hutchison B. Consistency of Home Care Personnel Under Managed Competition: A Case Study from Ontario. Available as a PDF

01-13 : McLeod CB, Lavis JN, Mustard CA, Stoddart GL. Income Inequality, Household Income and Health Status in Canada: A Prospective Cohort Study. American Journal of Public Health, 2003;93(8): 1297-1293.

01-12 : Hurley J, Vaithianathana R, Crossley T.F, Cobb-Clark D. Parallel Private Health Insurance in Australia: A Cautionary Tale and Lessons for Canada. Available as a PDF

01-11 : Hurley J. Medical Savings Accounts in Publicly Financed Health Care Systems. What Do We Know? (shorter version) Canadian Medical Association Journal, July 23, 2002;167(2): 152-154. Available as a PDF

01-10 : Lavis JN, McLeod CB, Mustard CA, Stoddart GL. Is There a Gradient In Life Span by Position in the Social Hierarchy? American Journal of Public Health, 2003;93(5):771-773.

01-09 : Layton M, Woodward C. Comparing Agencies' Reports of Consistency of Provider to be Achieved in Home Care Service Delivery Under Managed Competition: A Case Report From Ontario. Available as a PDF

01-08 : Willison D, Wiktorowicz P, Grootendorst P, O'Brien B, Levine M, Deber R, Hurley J. International Experience with Pharmaceutical Policy: Common Challenges and Lessons for Canada. Available as a PDF

01-07 : Hurley J. Ethics, Economics, and Public Financing of Health Care. Journal of Medical Ethics 2001;27:234-239.

01-06 : LLavis J, Ross S, Hurley J, Hohenadel J, Stoddart G, Woodward C, Abelson J. Examining the Role of Health Services Research in Public Policymaking. The Milbank Quarterly 2002;80(1):125-154.

01-05 : Ferrier S, Lavis J. With Health Comes Work? People Living with HIV/AIDS Consider Returning to Work. AIDS Care: Psychological and Socio-medical Aspects of AIDS/HIV, 2003;15(3):423-435.

01-04 : Abelson J, Forest P-G, Eyles J, Smith P, Martin E, Gauvin F-P. Deliberations About Deliberative Methods: Issues in the Design and Evaluation of Public Consultation Processes. Social Science and Medicine 2003, 57:239-251.

01-03 : Abelson J, Forest P-G, Smith P, Eyles J, Martin E, Gauvin F-P. Obtaining Public Input for Health Systems Decisionmaking: Past Experiences and Future Prospects. Canadian Public Administration 2002, 45(1):70-97.

01-02 : Furlong W, Feeny D, Torrance G, Barr R. The Health Utilities Index (HUI�) System for Assessing Health-related Quality of Life in Clinical Studies. Available as a PDF

01-01 : Briggs A, Goeree R, Blackhouse G, O'Brien B. Probabilistic Analysis of Cost-effectiveness Models: Choosing Between Treatment Strategies for Gastro-esophogeal Reflux Disease. Medical Decision Making 2002; 22(4): 290-308. Available as a PDF

00-10: Woodward C, Cohen M, Ferrier B, Brown J. Changes Over Time in Attitudes Towards Health Care Policy Options. Available as a PDF.

00-09: Woodward C, Ferrier B, Cohen M, Brown J. Professional Activity: How is Work Time Changing Among a Cohort of Family Physicians? Canadian Family Physician 2001;47:1414-1421.

00-08: Sendi P, Gafni A, Birch S. Opportunity Costs and Uncertainty in the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Interventions. Health Economics 2002;11 (1):23-31.

00-07: Ferrier B, Woodward C, Cohen M, Brown J. Ontario Family Physicians' Career Satisfaction and Its Relationship to Changes in the Health Care System: A Longitudinal Study. Canadian Family Physician 2001:47:1777-1784.

00-06: Woodward C, Cohen M, Ferrier B, Brown J. Physicians Certified in Family Medicine: What Are They Doing Eight to Ten Years Later? Canadian Family Physician 2001; 47: 1404-1410.

00-05: Cohen M, Woodward C, Ferrier B, Brown J. Reaction to Health Care System Reform by Ontario Family Physicians. Published as joint article with 00-06.

00-04: Feeny D, Townsend M, Furlong W, Tomkins D, Erlick Robinson G, Torrance G, Mohide P, Wang Q. Assessing Health-Related Quality-of-Life in Prenatal Diagnosis Comparing Chorionic Villi Sampling and Amniocentesis: A Technical Report. Available as a PDF. See Also Feeny D, Furlong W, Robinson G, Townsend M, Tomkins DJ, Mohide PT, Torrance GW, Wang Q. Health-Related Quality of Life Assessment of Prenatal Diagnosis: Chorionic Villi Sampling and Amniocentesis. Genetic Testing 2002;6(1):39-46.

00-03: Lavis J, Farrant M, Stoddart G. Barriers to Employment-Related Healthy Public Policy. Health Promotion International 2001; 16(1):9-20.

00-02: Lavis J, Mustard C. Payne J, Farrant M. Work-Related Population Health Indicators. Canadian Journal of Public Health 2001;92(1) 72-78.

00-01: Birch S, Donaldson C. Valuing the Benefits and Costs of Health Care Programmes: Where's the 'Extra' in Extra-Welfarism? Social Science and Medicine, 2003;56(5):1121-1133.

99-10: Grootendorst P. Beneficiary Cost Sharing Under Canadian Provincial Prescription Drug Benefit Programs: History and Assessment. Canadian Journal of Clinical Pharmacology 2002;9:79-99. Available as a PDF

99-09: Lavis J, Stoddart G. Social Cohesion and Health. In Osberg L, editor. The Economic Implications of Social Cohesion. Toronto, ON: University of Toronto Press, 2003.

99-08: Abelson J. Understanding the Role of Contextual Influences on Local Health-Care Decision Making: Case Study Results from Four Ontario Communities. Social Science and Medicine 2001;53(6):777-793.

99-07: Kothari A. Soliciting Public Preferences for Health Care Priorities: A Critical Review of Methodologies. Available as a PDF.

99-06: Grootendorst P, Feeny D, Furlong W. Health Utilities Index Mark 3: Evidence of Construct Validity for Stroke and Arthritis in a Population Health Survey. Medical Care 2000;38:290-299.

99-05: O'Brien B, Sculpher M. Building Uncertainty into Cost-Effectiveness Rankings: Portfolio Risk-Return Trade-Offs and Implications for Decision Rules. Medical Care 2000; 38 (5): 460-468.

99-04: Woodward C, Cunningham C, Shannon H, McIntosh J, Brown J, Lendrum B, Rosenbloom D. Predictors of Psychological Distress in the Workplace: A Longitudinal Study. Available as a PDF.

99-03: Abelson J. Bridging Academic Disciplines and Policy Sectors: Understanding the Influences on Community Participation. Available as a PDF.

99-02: Sculpher M, O'Brien B. Income Effects of Reduced Health and Health Effects of Reduced Income: Implications for Health State Valuation. Medical Decision Making 2000; 20: 207-215.

99-01: Sculpher M, Gafni A. Recognizing Preference Diversity: The Use of Preference Sub-Groups in Cost-Effectiveness Analysis. Health Economics 2001;10:317-324. Available as a PDF

98-11: Furlong W, Feeny D, Torrance G, Goldsmith C, DePauw S, Zhu Z, Denton M, Boyle M. Multiplicative Multi-Attribute Utility Function for the Health Utilities Index Mark 3 (HUI3) System: A Technical Report. Available as a PDF

98-10: Donaldson C, Birch S, Gafni A. The 'Distribution Problem' in Economic Evaluation: Income and the Valuation of Costs and Consequences of Health Care Programmes. Health Economics 2002;11(1):55-70.

98-09: Zaza C, Charles C, Muszynksi, A. The Meaning of Playing-Related Musculoskeletal Disorders to Classical Musicians. Social Science and Medicine 1998;47(12):2013-2023.

98-08: Willison D, Grootendorst P, Hurley J. Variation in Pharmacare Coverage Across Canada. Available as a PDF.

98-07: Currie G, Donaldson C, O'Brien B, Stoddart G, Torrance G, Drummond M. Alternative Definitions of Health Care Programme Benefits for Contingent Valuation Studies. Medical Decision Making.

98-06: Lavis J. Ideas, Policy Learning and Policy Change: The Determinants-of-Health Synthesis in Canada and the United Kingdom. Available as a PDF.

98-05: Lavis, J. Unemployment and Mortality: A Longitudinal Study in the United States, 1968-1992. Available as a PDF.

98-04: Lavis, J. The Links Between Labour-Market Experiences and Health: Towards a Research Framework. Available as a PDF.

98-03: Waddell C, Lomas J, Giacomini M, Offord D. Doing Better with "Bad Kids": What Stops Us from Using the Research Evidence? Canadian Journal of Community Mental Health 2001:20(2):59-76. Available as a PDF.

98-02: Charles C, Gafni A, Whelan T. Decision-making in the Physician-Patient Encounter: Revisiting the Shared Treatment Decision-making Model. Social Science & Medicine 1999;49:651-661.

98-01: Woodward C, Shannon H, Cunningham C, McIntosh J, Lendrum B, Rosenbloom D, Brown J. Re-engineering in a Large Teaching Hospital: A Longitudinal Study. Medical Care 1999;37(6):556-569.

97-11: Hutchison, B., Birch, S., Evans, C.E., Goldsmith, L., Markham, B., Frank, J., Paterson, M Screening for Hypercholesterolemia in Primary Care: Randomised Controlled Trial of Postal Questionnaire Appraising Risk of Coronary Heart Disease. British Medical Journal 1998; 316:1208-13.

97-10: Hutchison, B., Hurley, J., Birch, S., Lomas, J., Walter, S.D., Eyles, J., Stratford-Devai, F. Needs-based Primary Medical Care Capitation: Development and Evaluation of Alternative Approaches, 1997. Health Care Management Science 2000; 3: 89-99.

97-09: Birch, S., Stoddart, G., Beland, F. Modelling the Community as a Determinant of Health. Canadian Journal of Public Health 1998;89:402-405.

97-08: Birch, S., Jerrett, M., Eyles, J. Heterogeneity in the Determinants of Health? An Empirical Analysis of the Smoking-Health Relationship in Socioeconomic Context, 1997. Available as a PDF

97-07: Diener, A., O'Brien, B., Gafni, A. Health Care Contingent Valuation Studies: A review and classification of the literature. Health Economics 1998; 7:313-326.

97-06: Lomas, J. Social Capital and Health: Implications for Public Health and Epidemiology. Social Science & Medicine 1998;47(9):1181-8.

97-05: Woodward, CA., Hutchison, B., Norman, G., Brown, JA., Abelson, J. What Factors Influence Primary Care Physicians' Charges for Their Services? An Exploratory Study Using Standardized Patients. CMAJ 1998; 158:197-202.

97-04: Hutchison, B., Woodward, C., Norman, G., Abelson, J., Brown, J. Provision of Preventive Care to Unannounced Standardized Patients. CMAJ 1998; 158:18593.

97-03: Giacomini, M. The 'Which' Hunt: Assembling Health Technologies for Assessment and Rationing. Journal of Health Politics, Policy, and Law. 24(4):715:758. See also commentary in the same issue: Peterson M., 1999. Editor's note: Challenging conventions in health policy. 24(4)647-652; Tanenbaum S.J., 1999. Commentary--Technology assembly in managed care. 24(4)759-762; Cushman, R. 1999. Commentary--Apples, oranges, forests, and trees. 24(4):763-768.

97-02: Birch, S. As a Matter of Fact: Evidence-based Decision-making "Unplugged". Health Economics 1997;6:547-559.

97-01: Markham B, Hutchison B, Goldsmith L, Evans C. Casting the Screening Net: Separating Big Fish from Little Fish. Health Policy 1997;42(2):171-84.

96-23: Lomas, J., Lavis, J. Guidelines in the Mist, 1996. Available as a PDF

96-22: O'Brien, B., Gafni, A. When Do the "Dollars" Make Sense? Toward a Conceptual Framework for Contingent Valuation Studies in Health Care. Medical Decision Making 1996;16(3):288-99.

96-21: Ferrier, B., Woodward, C., Cohen, M., Williams, P. The Employed Spouse: Impact on Physicians' Career and Family Decisions, 1996. Available as a PDF

96-20: Bennett, K., Torrance, G., Guscott, R., Moran, L. McSAD Mental Health State Utilities: Results of a Survey in Major, Unipolar Depression, 1996. Psychiatric Services 2000; 51(9): 1171-1176.

96-19: Roberts, J., Charles, C., Cockerill, R., Goldsmith, L. Physician Impact Analysis Predictions in Ontario Hospitals: Does the Emperor Have Clothes?Healthcare Management Forum 9(3):35-42, 1996.

96-18: Charles, C., Lomas, J., Giacomini, M., Bhatia, V., Vincent, V. The Role of Medical Necessity in Canadian Health Policy. Four Meanings and ... a Funeral? Milbank Quarterly 1997; 75(3):365-394. Available as a PDF

96-17: Charles, C., Redko, C., Whelan, T., Reyno, L. Doing Nothing is No Choice: Lay Constructions of Treatment Decision-making Among Women with Early Stage Breast Cancer. Journal of Sociology and Health 1998; 20(1);71-95.

96-16: Hurley, J., Birch, S., Stoddart, G., Torrance, G., Vincent, V. Defying Definition: Medical Necessity and Health Policy Making. Journal of Health Services Research and Policy 2(4):223-230.

96-15: Giacomini, M., Goldsmith, L. Case Study Methodology for Studying Financial Incentives in Context, 1996. Available as a PDF

96-14: Giacomini, M., Lomas, J., Hurley, J., Bhatia, V., Goldsmith, L. The Devil in the Details: Some Conclusions About How Funding Changes Translate into Financial Incentives in the Canadian Health System, 1996. Available as a PDF

96-13: Bhatia, V., West, S., Giacomini, M. Equity in Case-based Funding: A Case Study of Meanings and Messages in Hospital Funding Policy, 1996. Available as a PDF

96-12: Hurley, J., Lomas, J., Goldsmith, L. Physician Responses to Global Physician Expenditure Caps in Canada: A Common Property Perspective. Milbank Quarterly 1997; 75(3):343-364.

96-11: Gillett J, Hutchison B, Birch S. Capitation and Primary Care in Canada: Financial Incentives and the Evolution of Health Service Organizations. International Journal of Health Services 2001;31(3):583-603.

96-10: Giacomini, M., Hurley, J., Stoddart, G. The Many Meanings of Deinsuring a Health Service: the Case of IVF in Ontario. Social Science & Medicine 2000; 50(10):1485-1500.

96-09: Giacomini, M., Peters, M. Beyond "financial incentives": what the funding structure for midwifery in Ontario means to the stakeholders. Canadian Public Administration 1998; 41(4):553-586. Available in PDF

96-08: Grootendorst, P., Goldsmith, L., Hurley, J., O'Brien, B., Dolovich, L. Financial Incentives to Dispense Low-cost Drugs: A Case Study of British Columbia Pharmacare, 1996. Available as a PDF

96-07: Lomas, J., Rachlis, M. Moving Rocks: Block Funding in Prince Edward Island as an Incentive for Cross-sectoral Reallocations Among Human Services, Canadian Public Administration, Winter 1996; Volume 39, numero 4. view video

96-06: Giacomini, M., Hurley, J., Lomas, J., Bhatia, V., Goldsmith, L. The Many Meanings of Money: A Health Policy Analysis Framework for Understanding Financial Incentives, 1996. Available as a PDF

96-05: Lomas, J. Devolving Authority for Health in Canada's Provinces. IV. Emerging Issues and Prospects. Canadian Medical Association Journal 156(6):817-823, 1997.

96-04: Lomas, J., Woods, J., Veenstra, G. Devolving Authority for Health in Canada's Provinces. III. Motivations, Attitudes and Approaches of Board Members. Canadian Medical Association Journal 156(5):669-676, 1997.

96-03: Lomas, J., Woods, J., Veenstra, G. Devolving Authority for Health in Canada's Provinces. II. Backgrounds, Resources and Activities of Board Members. Canadian Medical Association Journal 156(4):513-520, 1997.

96-02: Lomas, J., Woods, J., Veenstra, G. Devolving Authority for Health in Canada's Provinces. I. An Introduction to the Issues. Canadian Medical Association Journal 156(3):371-377, 1997.

96-01: Woodward, C., Cohen, M., Ferrier, B., Williams, P. The Relative Importance of Undergraduate and Postgraduate Education to the Practice Decisions and Attitudes of Young Family Physicians Practising in Ontario, 1996. Available as a PDF

95-15: Stoddart, G. The Challenges of Producing Health in Modern Economies. Available as a PDF

See also: Le Defi de la Sante dans Les Economies Modernes in S. Jacobzone and P. Berchery (eds), Economie de la Sante: Trajectories du Futur, INSEE Methodes No. 64-65, (the French National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies), Paris, 1997, pp.43-67.

95-14: Hutchison, B., Birch, S., Evans, C.E., Goldsmith, L., Markham, B., Frank, J., Paterson, M. Selective Opportunistic Screening for Hypercholesterolemia in Primary Care Practice. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 1998;51:817-25.

95-13: Nguyen-Dinh, H., Feeny, D. Socio-economic Environment, Parental Characteristics, and Child Survival: The Case of Vietnam, 1995. Journal of Population Economics 1997; 10(3): 251-271.

95-12: Lomas, J., Veenstra, G. If You Build It Who Will Come? Governments, Consultation and Biased Publics. Policy Options (November):37-40, 1995.

95-11: Barer, M., Sanmartin, C., Lomas, J. Re-minding Our Ps and Qs: The Costs of Capping Costs for Medical Care. Health Affairs 15(2):216-234, 1996.

95-10: Birch, S., Eyles, J., Newbold, B. The Inevitability of Mortality? Evaluating Alternatives to the SMR, 1995. Available as a PDF

95-09: Hutchison, B., Hurley, J., Birch, S., Lomas, J., Stratford-Devai, F. Defining the Practice Population in Fee-for-service Practice. Health Services Research 31(1):55-70, 1997.

95-08: Markham, B., Lomas, J. Review of the Multi-hospital Arrangements Literature: Benefits, Disadvantages and Lessons for Implementation. Healthcare Management Forum 8(3):24-35, 1995.

95-07: O'Brien, B., Torrance, G., Moran, L. A Practical Guide to Health-state Preferences Measurement: A Video Introduction, 1995. view video view video insert

95-06: O'Brien, B. Economic Evaluation of Pharmaceuticals: Frankenstein's Monster or Vampire of Trials? Medical Care 34: DS99-DS108, 1996.

95-05: O'Brien, B., Gafni, A. When Do the "Dollars" Make Sense? Toward a Conceptual Framework for Contingent Valuation Studies in Health Care. Medical Decision Making 16:288-299, 1996.

95-04: Gafni, A., Birch, S., O'Brien, B. Healthy Years Equivalents (HYEs) and Decision Trees: A Simple Two-stage, Lottery-based Algorithm, 1995. Available as a PDF

95-03: Katz, S., Charles, C., Lomas, J., Welch, G. Physician Relations in Canada: Shooting Inward While the Circle Closes. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 1997; 22(6): 1413-1431.

95-02: Woodward, C., Williams, P., Cohen, M., Ferrier, B. Closed and Restricted Practices: A Survey of Recent Family Medicine Graduates?Canadian Family Physician 1997; 43:15541-7.

95-01: Grootendorst, P., O'Brien, B., Anderson, G. On Becoming 65 in Ontario: Effects of Provincial Drug Plan Eligibility on Utilization of Prescription Medicines. Medical Care 1997;35(4):386-398.

94-19: Abelson, J., Lomas, J., Eyles, J., Birch, S., Veenstra, G. Does the Community Want Devolved Authority? Results from Deliberative Polling in Ontario. Canadian Medical Association Journal 153(4):403-412, 1995.

94-18: Charles, C., Gafni, A., Whelan, T. Shared Decision-making in the Medical Encounter: What Does It Mean? (Or, It Takes at Least Two to Tango). Social Science and Medicine 1997; 44(5):681-692.

94-17: Hurley, J., Woodward, C., Brown, J. Changing Patterns of Physician Services Utilization and Their Relation to Physician, Practice and Market-area Characteristics. Medical Care Research and Review 53(2):179-206, 1996.

94-16: Birch, S., Goldsmith, L., Makela, M. Paying the Piper and Calling the Tune: Principles and Prospects for Reforming Physician Payment in Canada, 1994. Available in PDF

94-15: Abelson, J., Hutchison, B. Primary Health Care Models: A Review of the International Literature, 1994. Available as a PDF

94-14: Lavis, J., Stoddart, G. Can We Have Too Much Health Care? Daedalus 123(4):43-60, 1994.

94-13: Birch, S., Lavis, J., Markham, B., Woodward, C., O'Brien-Pallas, L. Nursing Requirements for Ontario Over the Next Twenty Years: Development and Application of Estimation Methods, 1994. Available as a PDF

94-12: Grootendorst, P., Feeny, D., Furlong, W. Does It Matter Whom and How You Ask? Inter and Intra-rater Agreement in the Ontario Health Survey. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology 1997;50:127-136.

94-11: Woodward, C., Cohen, M., Ferrier, B., Williams, P. The Relative Importance of Undergraduate and Postgraduate Education to the Practice Decisions and Attitudes of Young Family Physicians Practising in Ontario, 1994. Available as a PDF

94-10: Greb, J., Chambers, L., Gafni, A., Goeree, R., Labelle, R. Interprovincial Comparisons of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada. Canadian Public Policy 20:278-296, 1994.

94-09: Horsman, J., Furlong, W., Feeny, D., Barr, R., Torrance, G., Weitzman, S. The Monetary Costs of Childhood Cancer to the Families of Patients. International Journal of Oncology 8:933-940, 1995.

94-08: Birch, S., Leake, J., Lewis, D. Economic Issues in the Development and Use of Practice Guidelines: An Application to Resource Allocation in Dentistry. Community Dental Health 13(1):70-75, 1996.

94-07: Boyle, M., Furlong, W., Torrance, G., Feeny, D. Reliability of the Health Utilities Index - Mark III Used in the Cycle 6 General Social Survey (GSS) Health Questionnaire. Quality of Life Research 4(3):249-257, 1995.

94-06: Hurley, J., Labelle, R. Relative Fees and the Utilization of Physicians' Services in Canada. Health Economics 4(6):419-438, 1995.

94-05: Feeny, D., Torrance, G., Goldsmith, C., Furlong, W., Boyle, M. A Multi-attribute Approach to Population Health Status. Proceedings of the 153rd Annual Meeting of the American Statistical Association 1993;161-166.

94-04: Charles, C., Schalm, C., Semradek, J. Involving Stakeholders in Health Services Research: Developing Alberta's Resident Classification System for Long Term Care Facilities. International Journal of Health Services 24:749-761, 1994.

94-03: Charles, C., Gauld, M., Chambers, L., O'Brien, B., Haynes, R.B., Labelle, R. How Was Your Hospital Stay? Patient Reports About Their Care in Canadian Hospitals. Canadian Medical Association Journal 150:1813-1822, 1994.

94-02: Hutchison, B., Birch, S., Hurley, J., Lomas, J., Stratford-Devai, F. Do Physician Payment Mechanisms Affect Hospital Utilization? A Study of Health Service Organizations in Ontario. Canadian Medical Association Journal 154:653-661, 1996.

94-01: Eyles, J. Social Indicators, Social Justice and Social Well-being, 1994. Available as a PDF

93-12: Hurley, J., Lomas, J., Bhatia, V. When Tinkering is Not Enough: Provincial Reform to Manage Health-care Resources. Canadian Public Administration 1994; 37(3):490-514.

93-11: Grootendorst, P. Results of an Investigation into the Integrity of the Ontario Health Survey, 1993. Available as a PDF

93-10: Gafni, A. Time in Health: Can We Measure Individuals' Pure "Time Preference"? 1993. Medical Decision Making 1995; 15(31): 31-37.

93-09: Woodward, C., Lamont, J. Patient/Physician Sexual Involvement: A Canadian Survey of Obstetrician/Gynaecologists. Canadian Medical Association Journal 150(9):1433-1439, 1994.

93-08: Woodward, C., Ferrier, B., et al. Gender of Physician, Gender of Patient: Influences on New Primary Care Physicians' Practice Development, 1993.

93-07: O'Brien, B., Viramontes, J.L. Willingness-to-pay: A Valid and Reliable Measure of Health State Preference? Medical Decision Making 14:289-297, 1994.

93-06: O'Brien, B., Anderson, D., Goeree, R. Cost-effectiveness of Enoxaparin Versus Warfarin Prophylaxis Against Deep Vein Thrombosis After Total Hip Replacement. Canadian Medical Association Journal 150(7):1083-1090, 1994.

93-05: Charles, C., Roberts, J. Physician Impact Analysis: Methods, Results, and Uses in Ontario Hospital Decision-making. Evaluation and the Health Professions 17(1):96-112, 1994.

93-04: Lomas, J. Teaching Old (and Not So Old) Docs New Tricks: Implementing ResearchFindings in Primary Care. In: Disseminating Research/Changing Practice, edited by Dunn, E., Norton, P.G., Stewart, M., and et al. New York: Thousand Oaks: Sage Publications Inc. 1994, p. 1-18.

93-03: Birch, S., Eyles, J., Newbold, K.B. Equitable Access to Health Care: Methodological Extensions to the Analysis of Physician Utilization in Canada. Health Economics 2:87-101, 1993.

93-02: Labelle, R., Stoddart, G., Rice, T. A Re-examination of the Meaning and Importance of Supplier-induced Demand. Journal of Health Economics 13:347-368, 1994.

93-01: Torrance, G., Sinclair, J. The Use of Epidemiological Data for Prognostication and Decision-making: From Probability to Preference. In: Ethics and Perinatology, edited by Goldworth, A., Silverman, W., Stevenson, O.K., and et al. New York: Oxford University Press, 1995, p. 120-145.

92-23: O'Brien, B., Drummond, M., Labelle, R. In Search of Power and Significance: Issues in the Design and Analysis of Stochastic Cost-effectiveness Studies in Health Care. Medical Care 32:150-163, 1994.

92-22: Yuan, Y., Gafni, A., Russell, D., Ludwin, D. Development of a Central Matching System for the Allocation of Cadaveric Kidneys: A Simulation of Clinical Effectiveness vs Equity. Medical Decision Making 14:124-136, 1994.

92-21: Hurley, J., Birch, S., Eyles, J. Information, Efficiency and Decentralization Within Health Care Systems. Social Science and Medicine 41(1):3-11, 1995.

92-20: Grilli, R., Lomas, J. Evaluating the Message: The Relationship Between Compliance Rate and the Subject of a Practice Guideline. Medical Care 32:202-213, 1994. Available as a PDF

92-19: Birch, S., Abelson, J. Is Reasonable Access What We Want? Implications of, and Challenges to, Current Canadian Policy on Equity in Health Care. International Journal of Health 34(4):629-653, 1993.

92-18: Torrance, G., Zhang, Y., Feeny, D., Furlong, W., Barr, R. Multi-attribute Utility Functions for a Comprehensive Health Status Classification System: Health Utilities Index Mark 2. Medical Care 34(7):702-722, 1996. Available as a PDF

92-17: Lomas, J., Charles, C., Greb, J. The Price of Peace. The Structure and Process of Physician Fee Negotiations in Canada, 1992. Available as a PDF

92-16: Charles, C., DeMaio, S. Lay Participation in Health Care Decision Making: A Conceptual Framework. Journal of Health Policy, Politics and Law 18:881-904, 1993.

92-15: Lomas, J. Retailing Research: Increasing the Role of Evidence in Clinical Services for Childbirth. Milbank Quarterly 71:439-476, 1993.

92-14: Gafni, A., Birch, S. Searching for a Common Currency: Critical Appraisal of the Scientific Basis Underlying European Harmonization of the Measurement of Health Related Quality of Life (EuroQol). Health Policy 23:219-228, 1993.

92-13: Chambers, L., Labelle, R., Gafni, A., Goeree, R. The Organization and Financing of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada - Survey of the Provinces, 1992.

92-12: Chambers, L., Labelle, R., Gafni, A., Goeree, R. The Organization and Financing of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada - British Columbia Report, 1992.

92-11: Chambers, L., Labelle, R., Gafni, A., Goeree, R. The Organization and Financing of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada - Alberta Report, 1992.

92-10: Chambers, L., Labelle, R., Gafni, A., Goeree, R. The Organization and Financing of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada - Saskatchewan Report, 1992. Available as a PDF

92-09: Chambers, L., Labelle, R., Gafni, A., Goeree, R. The Organization and Financing of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada - Manitoba Report, 1992.

92-08: Chambers, L., Labelle, R., Gafni, A., Goeree, R. The Organization and Financing of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada - Ontario Report, 1992.

92-07: Chambers, L., Labelle, R., Gafni, A., Goeree, R. The Organization and Financing of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada - Quebec Report, 1992.

92-06: Chambers, L., Labelle, R., Gafni, A., Goeree, R. The Organization and Financing of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada - New Brunswick Report, 1992.

92-05: Chambers, L., Labelle, R., Gafni, A., Goeree, R. The Organization and Financing of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada - Prince Edward Island Report, 1992.

92-04: Chambers, L., Labelle, R., Gafni, A., Goeree, R. The Organization and Financing of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada - Nova Scotia Report, 1992.

92-03: Chambers, L., Labelle, R., Gafni, A., Goeree, R. The Organization and Financing of Public and Private Sector Long Term Care Facilities for the Elderly in Canada - Newfoundland Report, 1992.

92-02: Krahn, M., Gafni, A. Discounting in the Economic Evaluation of Health Care Interventions. Medical Care 31(5):403-418, 1993.

92-01: O'Brien, B., Buxton, M., Patterson, D. Relationship Between Functional Status and Health-related Quality-of-life After Myocardial Infarction. Medical Care 31(10):950-955, 1993.

91-13: Grilli, R., Torri, V., Mainini, F., Liberati, A. Hospitals' Patient Volume asa Marker of Quality of Cancer Care. A Study on the Appropriateness of Use of Halsted Radical Mastectomy in Italy. American Journal of Public Health 83(12):1762-1764, 1993.

91-12: Lomas, J. Making Clinical Policy Explicit: Legislative Policy-making and Lessons for Developing Practice Guidelines. Internation Journal of Technology Assessment in Health Care 9(1):11-25, 1993.

91-11: O'Brien, B., Buxton, M. Cost Effectiveness of the Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator: A Preliminary Analysis. British Heart Journal 68:241-245, 1992.

91-10: Charles, C., Schalm, C. Alberta's Resident Classification System for Long Term Care Facilities. Part II: First Year Results and Policy Implications. Canadian Journal on Aging 11(3):233-248, 1992.

91-09: Charles, C., Schalm, C. Alberta's Resident Classification System for Long Term Care Facilities. Part I: Conceptual and Methodological Development. Canadian Journal on Aging 11(3):219-232, 1992.

91-08: Barer, M., Stoddart, G. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada: Appendices, 1991.

91-07A: Barer, M., Stoddart, G. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 1. Background, Process and Perceived Problems. Canadian Medical Association Journal 146(3):347-351, 1992.

91-07B: Stoddart, G., Barer, M. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 2. Promoting Change - General Themes. Canadian Medical Association Journal 146(5):697-700, 1992.

91-07C: Stoddart, G., Barer, M. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 3. Analytic Framework for Policy Development. Canadian Medical Association Journal 146(7):1169-1174, 1992.

91-07D: Barer, M., Stoddart, G. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 4. Graduates of Foreign Medical Schools. Canadian Medical Association Journal 146(9):1549-1554, 1992.

91-07E: Stoddart, G., Barer, M. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 5. The Roles and Funding of Academic Medical Centres. Canadian Medical Association Journal 146(11):1919-1924, 1992.

91-07F: Stoddart, G., Barer, M. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 6. Physician Reimbursement and Global Expenditure Policy. Canadian Medical Association Journal 147(1):33-38, 1992.

91-07G: Barer, M., Stoddart, G. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 7. Undergraduate Medical Training. Canadian Medical Association Journal 147(3):305-312, 1992.

91-07H: Barer, M. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 8. Geographic Distribution of Physicians. Canadian Medical Association Journal 147(5):617-623, 1992.

91-07I: Barer, M., Stoddart, G. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 9. Postgraduate Training and Specialty Certification. Canadian Medical Association Journal 147(7):999-1005, 1992.

91-07J: Stoddart, G., Barer, M. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 10. Information Creation and Dissemination. Canadian Medical Association Journal 147(9):1325-1329, 1992.

91-07K: Stoddart, G., Barer, M. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 11. Improving Effectiveness and Efficiency. Canadian Medical Association Journal 147(11):1653-1660, 1992.

91-07L: Barer, M., Stoddart, G. Toward Integrated Medical Resource Policies for Canada. 12. Looking Back, Looking Forward. Canadian Medical Association Journal 148(1):29-32, 1993.

91-06: Birch, S., Gafni, A. Cost Effectiveness/Utility Analyses: Do Current Decision Rules Lead us to Where We Want to Be? Journal of Health Economics 11:279-291, 1992.

91-05: Birch, S., Eyles, J. "Equity and efficiency in health-care delivery: The distribution of health-care resources in Canada and its relationship to needs for care." Also published as " Needs-Based Planning of Healthcare: A Critical Appraisal of the Literature" in M. Chytil, G. Duru, W. von Eimeren, C. Flagle (eds). Health Systems-The Challenge of Change Omnipress, Prague, 1992, pp97-100. Available as a PDF

91-04: Gafni, A. The Standard Gamble Method: What is Being Measured and How it is Interpreted. Health Services Research 29:207-224, 1994.

91-03: Labelle, R., Hurley, J. Implications of Basing Health Care Resource Allocations on Cost-utility Analysis in the Presence of Externalities. Journal of Health Economics 11(3):259-277, 1992. Available as a PDF

91-02: Mehrez, A., Yuan, Y., Gafni, A. The Search for Information - A Patient Perspective on Second Opinion. European Journal of Operations Research 85:244-262, 1995.

91-01: Hurley, J., Arbuthnot-Johnson, N. The Effects of Co-payments in the Prescription Drug Market. Canadian Public Policy 17(4):473-489, 1991.

90-16: Lomas, J., Enkin, M., Anderson, G., Hannah, W., Vayda, E., Singer, J. Opinion Leaders vs Audit and Feedback to Implement Practice Guidelines - Delivery After Previous Cesarean Section. Journal of the American Medical Association 265(17):2202-2207, 1991.

90-15: Gafni, A. Using Willingness-to-pay as a Measure of Benefits: What is the Relevant Question to Ask in the Context of Public Decision Making About Health Care Programs? Medical Care 29(12):1246-1252, 1991.

90-14: Beland, F., Stoddart, G. Episodes of Care and Long Term Trends in Individuals' Patterns of Utilization of Medical Care. International Journal of Health Sciences 5(1):25-35, 1994.

90-13: Birch, S., Chambers, S., Eyles, J., Hurley, J., Hutchison, B. Development and Application of a Needs-based Methodology for Calculating a Capitation Rate for a Comprehensive Health Organization. Available as a PDF.  Social Science and Medicine 33(4):489-500, 1991.

90-12: Lomas, J. Words Without Action? The Production, Dissemination and Impact of Consensus Recommendations. Available as a PDF. Annual Review of Public Health 12:41-65, 1991.

90-11: Gafni, A., Birch, S. Equity Considerations in Utility-based Measures of Health Outcomes in Economic Appraisals: An Adjustment Algorithm. Journal of Health Economics 10:329-342, 1991.

90-10: Lomas, J. Finding Audiences, Changing Beliefs: The Structure of Research Use in Canadian Health Policy. Journal of Health Politics, Policy and Law 15(3):525-542, 1990.

90-09: Furlong, W., Feeny, D., Torrance, G., Barr, R., Horsman, J. Guide to Design and Development of Health-state Utility Instrumentation, 1990. Available as a PDF

90-08: Gafni, A., Zylak, C. Ionic vs Non-ionic Contrast Media: A Burden or a Bargain. Canadian Medical Association Journal 143(6):475-478, 1990.

90-07: Fooks, C., Rachlis, M., Kushner, C. Assessing Concepts of Quality Care: Results of a National Survey of Five Self-regulating Health Professions in Canada. Quality Assurance in Health Care 2(1):89-109, 1990.

90-06: Evans, R., Stoddart, G. Producing Health, Consuming Health Care. Social Science and Medicine 32(12):131-136, 1990.

90-05: Beland, F. Use of Help by the Elderly: A Gender Issue? 1990. Available as a PDF

90-04: Hurley, J., Labelle, R., Rice, T. The Relationship Between Physician Fees and the Utilization of Medical Services in Ontario. (Working paper title: "Financial Incentives and Medical Practice: Evidence from Ontario on the Effect of Changes in Physician Fees on Medical Care Utilization"). In Advances in Health Economics and Health Services Research. 1990 Vol.11, eds L. Rossiter and R. Scheffler. Greenwhich, Conn: JAI Press, 49-78. Available as a PDF

90-03: Lomas, J. Quality Assurance and Effectiveness in Health Care: An Overview. Quality Assurance in Health Care 2(1):5-12, 1990. Available as a PDF

90-02: Wall, R., Birch, S., McQuillin, M. Economic Evaluation of Alternative Programmes of Reduced-stay Senile Cataract Surgery. Canadian Journal on Aging 10(2):149-164, 1991.

90-01: Birch, S., Lomas, J., Rachlis, M., Abelson, J. HSO Performance: A Critical Appraisal of Current Research, 1989. Available as a PDF

27: Ryan, M., Birch, S. Charging for Health Care: Evidence on the Utilization of NHS Prescribed Drugs. Social Science and Medicine 33(6):681-687, 1991.

26: Beland, F., Lemay, A., Philibert, L., Maheux, B., Gravel, G. Elderly Patients' Use of Hospital-based Emergency Services, Medical Care, 1990.

25: Feeny, D., Wall, R. Health-care Technology Assessment: Ontario and Beyond. Symposium on Health Care Technologies Assessment, Government of Quebec. :97-99, 1991. 1989.

24: Birch, S., Stoddart, G. Incentives to Be Healthy: An Economic Model of Health-related Behaviour. In: Incentives in Health Systems, edited by Lopez-Casasnovas, G. Germany: Springer Verlag, 1991, p. 169-187. Available as a PDF

23: Stock, S., Gafni, A., Bloch, R. Universal Precautions and the Prevention of AIDS in Health-care Workers - An Economic Analysis. Canadian Medical Association Journal 142(9):937-946, 1990.

22: Mehrez, A., Gafni, A. Healthy Years Equivalent: How to Measure Them Using the Standard Gamble Approach. Medical Decision Making 11(2):140-146, 1991.

21: Abelson, J., Lomas, J. Do Health Service Organizations and Community Health Centres Have Higher Disease Prevention and Health Promotion Activity Levels Than Fee-for-service Practices? Canadian Medical Association Journal 141:575-581, 1990.

20: Gafni, A., Ravid, S. The Compensating Variation Approach: The Case of Lives Saved vs Lives Taken, 1989. Available as a PDF

19: Woodward, C., Stoddart, G. Is the Canadian Health Care System Suffering from Abuse? Canadian Family Physician 36:283-289, 1990.

18: Rice, T., Labelle, R. Do Physicians Induce Demand for Medical Service?Journal of Health Politics, Policy & Law 14(3):587-600, 1989.

17: Goldschmidt, Y., Gafni, A. Managerial Approach to Allocating Indirect Fixed Costs in Health Care Organization. Health Care Management Review 15(2):43-52, 1990.

16: Gafni, A., Yuan, Y. Students' Performance vs Hospital Performance in the Labour Market for Medical Interns and Residents: Do Hospitals Perform Better Due to Asymmetry in Information Available to Them Relative to Students?Journal of Health Economics 8(3):353-360, 1989.

15: Birch, S. The Relative Cost-effectiveness of Water Fluoridation Across Communities: Analysis of Variations According to Underlying Caries Levels. Community Dental Health 7:3-10, 1990.

14: Muldoon, J., Stoddart, G. Publicly Financed Competition in Health Care Delivery: A Canadian Simulation Model. Journal of Health Economics 8(3):313-338, 1989.

13: Mehrez, A., Gafni, A. Evaluating Health Related Quality-of-life: An Indifference Curve Interpretation for the Time Trade-off Technique. Social Science and Medicine 31(11):1281-1283, 1990.

12: Feeny, D., Torrance, G. Incorporating Utility-based Quality-of-life Assessment Measures in Clinical Trials: Two Examples. Medical Care 27(3):190-204, 1989.

11: Hurley, J. Simulated Effects of Incomes-based Policies on the Distribution of Physicians. Medical Care 38(3):221-238, 1990.

10: Lomas, J., Fooks, C., Rice, T., Labelle, R. Minding Our Ps and Qs: Simultaneous Control of the Price and Quantity of Physician Services in Canada. Health Affairs 8(1):80-102, 1990.

9: Gafni, A. The Effect of Malpractice Claims on Physicians' Behaviour: A Theoretical Approach, 1988. Available as a PDF

8: Lomas, J. Promoting Clinical Policy Change: Using the Art to Promote the Science in Medicine. In: The Challenge of Medical Practice Variations, edited by Anderson, T.F. and Mooney, G. London: Macmillan Publishers, 1990, p. 174-191.

7: Feeny, D. Health Technology in Ontario: Report to the Ontario Health Review Panel, 1988. Available as a PDF

6: Torrance, G., Oxman, A. A Framework for Comparative Evaluation of Risk Management Programs. In: Information Needs for Risk Management, edited by Fowle, C.D., Grima, A.P., and Munn, R.E. Toronto: Institute for Environment Studies, University of Toronto, 1988, p. 39-62.

5: Hutchison, B., Stoddart, G. Cost-effectiveness Analysis of Primary Tetanus Immunization Among Elderly Canadians. Canadian Medical Association Journal 34:1293-1297, 1988.

4: Feeny, D. Stoddart, G. Toward Improved Health Technology Policy in Canada: A Proposal for the National Health Technology Assessment Council. Canadian Public Policy 14(3):254-265, 1988.

3: Lomas, J., Anderson, G., Enkin, M. The Role of Evidence in the Consensus Process: Results from a Canadian Consensus Exercise. Journal of the American Medical Association 259:3001-3005, 1988.

2: Barer, M., Gafni, A., Lomas, J. Accommodating Rapid Growth in Physician Supply: Lessons from Israel, Warning for Canada. International Journal of Health 19(1):95-115, 1989.

1: Hurley, J. Physicians' Choices of Specialty, Location and Mode: A Re-examination Within an Interdependent Decision Framework. Journal of Human Resources 26(1):47-71, 1991.

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